Wednesday, December 25, 2019
Heros in Sophocles Oedipus the King, Homers Odyssey, and Tans Joy Luck Club In world literature, there are two types of archetypal protagonists, the mythic hero and the tragic hero. Mythic heroes, like Homers Odysseus, represent the combination of superhuman virtues and human imperfections. These traits create a supernatural adventure with a realistic character. The mythic hero is favored by divine powers and eventually achieves a certain goal or completes a certain journey. On the other hand, there is the tragic hero, like Sophocles Oedipus. The unfortunate tragic hero has a penchant for attempting to escape a doomed fate. The tragic hero lives under the shadow that the gods place. Literature throughout theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Throughout his journey, it is clear that he embodies the mythic hero archetype. The proof lies in the fact that the final destination, Ithaka, clearly overshadows his place of departure, war-torn Troy. In the following excerpt, Odysseus expresses gratitude and joy to King AlkÃ noÃ ¶s and Queen ArÃ ªtÃ ª, wh ile embarking on his journey home. O king and admiration of your people, [...] my blessings on you all! This hour brings fulfillment to the longing of my heart: a ship for home, and gifts the gods of heaven make so precious and so bountiful. After this voyage god grant I find my own wife in my hall with everyone I love best, safe and sound! (Homer 361) Additionally, the mere fact that the gods and the other characters are in favor of Odysseus return home makes him a mythic hero. The mood of the story is one of victory, in which the best is yet to come. Odysseus revels in the feeling of eventual success because the other characters in the story are all on his side. Athena and some other gods and goddesses intervene into Odysseus journey, confirming the happy ending from the very first page. Athena introduces the story herself, by saying: But my own heart is broken for Odysseus, / the master mind of war, so long a castaway / ... / But such desire is in him / merely to see the hearthsmoke leaping upward / from his own island, that he longs to die (Homer 220). Odysseus success is also verified
Tuesday, December 17, 2019
Diabetic retinopathy is induced by changes in retinal vasculature due to diabetic pathologies. Studies have shown endocrine fibroblast growth factor-21(FGF21) and non-endocrine fibroblast growth factor-1(FGF1) have therapeutic potential by increasing insulin sensitivity in vivo through unresolved mechanisms. To investigate this effect within the retina, exogenous FGF1(0-100ng/mL) and FGF21(0-100ng/mL) were administered to the murine-photoreceptor cell line, 661W. FGF1(p0.05), with a high dose restorative effect for both FGFs. Results on the effects of FGFs on scar tissue is pending. FGF1 and FGF21 demonstrate therapeutic potential in type-2 diabetic retina. Introduction The global presence of type-2 diabetes, which results when insulin-producing beta cells cannot compensate for rising insulin resistance, has risen constantly.In 2014, 9 percent of the adults worldwide had diabetes, and of those with diabetes, 90 percent had type 2 diabetes (World Health Organization, 2014). Not only has this global phenomenon has influenced other countries but it also has increased prevalence of obesity and insulin resistance in the United States,affecting 29.1 million people with diabetes (National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2014). The current treatments for diabetes, such as Thiazolidinediones, are highly effective oral medications with detrimental side effects including congestive heart failure, bone loss and weight gain(Suh et al. 2014). There is several evidence that fibroblast
Monday, December 9, 2019
Methods Depreciation is the accounting process of allocating the cost of tangible assets to expense in a systematic and rational manner to those periods expected to benefit from the use of the asset. Factors Involved in the Depreciation Process 1. What depreciable base is to be used for the asset? 2. What is the assetÃ¢â¬â¢s useful life? 3. What method of cost apportionment is best for the asset? Depreciable Base for the Asset The base established for depreciation is a function of two factors: the original cost, and the salvage or disposal value. Salvage value is the estimated amount that the company will receive when it sell the asset or removes it from service. It is the amount to which the company writes down or depreciates the asset during its useful life. Example: An asset is purchased for $10,000. The company believes that it has a salvage value of $1,000. Original cost $10,000 Less: Salvage value 1,000 Depreciation base$ 9,000 Methods of Depreciation The accounting profession requires that the depreciation method employed be Ã¢â¬Å"systematic and rational. We will write a custom essay sample on Depreciation Methods or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Ã¢â¬ The following are examples of depreciation methods: 1. Activity method (units of use or production) . Straight-line method 3. Decreasing charge methods (accelerated): a. Sum-of-the-yearsÃ¢â¬â¢ digits b. Declining-balance method The following information will be used to illustrate each of the above methods: Stanley Coal Mines recently purchased an additional crane for digging purposes. Cost of crane$500,000 Estimated useful life5 years Estimated salvage value$50,000 Productive life in hours30,000 hours Activity Method The activity method (also called the variable-charge or units-of-production approach) assumes that depreciation is a function of use or productivity, instead of the passage of time. A company considers the life of the asset in terms of either the output if provides (units it produces), or an input measure such as number of hours it works. The crane Stanley purchased poses no particular depreciation problem. Stanley can measure the usage (hours) relatively easily. If Stanley uses the crane for 4,000 hours the first year, the depreciation charge is: (Cost less salvage value) X hours this year Total estimated hours ($500,000 $50,000) X 4,000 30,000 = $60,000 Straight-Line Method The straight-line method considers depreciation a function of time rather than a function of usage. Companies widely use this method because of its simplicity. The straight-line procedure is often the most conceptually appropriate, too. Stanley computes the depreciation charge for the crane as follows: Cost less salvage Estimated service life $500,000-$50,000 5 =$90,000 Sum-of-the-YearsÃ¢â¬â¢-Digits The sum-of-the-yearsÃ¢â¬â¢-digits method results in a decreasing depreciation charge based on a decreasing fraction of depreciable cost (original cost less salvage value). Each fraction uses the sum of the years as a denominator (5+4+3+2+1=15). The numerator is the number of years of estimated life remaining as of the beginning of the year. In this method, the numerator decreases year by year, and the denominator remains constant. At the end of the useful life, the balance remaining should equal the salvage value. YearDepreciation BaseRemaining life in yearsDepreciation FractionDepreciation ExpenseBook Value, End of Year 1$450,00055/15$150,000$350,000 2$450,00044/15$120,000$230,000 3$450,00033/15$90,000$140,000 4$450,00022/15$60,000$80,000 $450,00011/15$30,000$50,000 Totals:1515/15$450,000 For assets that have a long life span, the following formula can be used to determine the denominator: n(n+1) 2 For example, if an asset has a useful life of 51 years, you would calculate the denominator: 51(51+1) 2 =1,326 YearDepreciation BaseRemaining life in yearsDepreciation FractionDepreciation ExpenseBook Value, End of Year 1$450,0005151/1,326$17,308$482,692 2$ 450,0005050/1,326$16,968$465,724 3$450,0004949/1,326$16,629$449,095 4$450,0004848/1,326$16,290$432,805 5$450,0004747/1,326$15,950$416,855 EtcÃ¢â¬ ¦ Declining-Balance Method The declining-balance method utilizes a depreciation rate (expressed as a percentage) that is some multiple of the straight-line method. For example, the double-declining rate for a 10-year asset is 20 percent (double the straight-line rate, which is 1/10 or 10 percent). Unlike other methods, the declining-balance method does not deduct the salvage value in computing the depreciation base. For example, if Stanley chose to use the double-declining-balance method, the crane would depreciate at twice the rate of the straight-line rate. See below: YearBook Value of Asset First YearRate on Declining Balance (a)Depreciation ExpenseBalance Accumulated DepreciationBook Value, End of Year 1$500,00040%$200,000$200,000$300,000 2$300,00040%$120,000$320,000$180,000 3$180,00040%$72,000$392,000$108,000 4$108,00040%$43,200$435,000$64,800 5$64,80040%$14,800 (b)$450,000$50,000 (a)Based on twice the straight-line rate of 20% ($90,000/$450,000 = 20%; 20% X 2 = 40%) (b)Limited to $14,800 because the book value should not be less than the salvage value.
Sunday, December 1, 2019
The Lamb by William Blake Summary and Analysis The speaker, identifying himself as a child, asks a series of questions of a little lamb, and then answers the questions for the lamb. He asks if the lamb knows who made it, who provides it food to eat, or who gives it warm wool and a pleasant voice. The speaker then tells the lamb that the one who made it is also called the Lamb and is the creator of both the lamb and the speaker. He goes on to explain that this Creator s meek and mild, and Himself became a little child. The speaker finishes by blessing the lamb in Gods name. Analysis William Flakes The Lamb is an intricately complex poem written in 1789. The poem takes its central focus the grand question of creation, but it does so in an understated way, opening as a simple question to a sweet, delicate creature: Little Lamb, who made thee? The first half of the two-stanza poem has the speaker ask the lamb who is responsible for life and creation of this sweet creature with the softest looting of delight and Gave thee such a tender voice. The lamb functions as a symbol for the connection between humanity and the natural world. We will write a custom essay on The Lamb by William Blake Summary and Analysis specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Associated with the rural English countryside, the lamb is also a symbol of pastoral innocence, bridging the gap between the urban world of humanity and the natural world of Gods creation. Pastoral life also takes a central position in the poem. The collection of work in which this poem appears, Songs of Innocence, includes many Astoria scenes. These idyllic images of life outside of bustling cities firmly establishes a sense of peace and tranquility within these poems, including the The Lamb. This connects the figures of the poem to the natural world, where the figures of the poem can contemplate their existence without the interference of completely human elements. Flakes gentle phrasing lends a reflective, spiritual mood to the piece, which answers the question in first-person narrative in the second stanza that higher power is responsible. In answering as Jesus Christ, Blake displays his own reverence for God in the phrases: He is called by thy name, For He calls Himself a Lamb. He is meek, and He is mild; He became a little child. I a child, and thou a lamb, We are called by His name. Little Lamb, God bless thee! Little Lamb, God bless thee! By stating the lambs creator as Jesus Christ, Blake is establishing that everyone is in some sense a little lamb, created by God.